"Still Going," from Bystander: A History of Street Photography by
Colin Westerbeck and Joel Meyerowitz
This final chapter takes the form of a conversation between
Colin Westerbeck and Joel Meyerowitz about the latter's
memories of his own early days as a street photographer
in New York in the 1960s and his association with Robert
Frank, Garry Winogrand, Diane Arbus, Lee Friedlander, and
others. The talks transcribed here were held over four
days in the fall of 1987 in Chicago and, on several briefer
occasions later, in both Chicago and New York.
The name we are giving to this final chapter, "Still Going," was
to be the title of the book of your own black-and-white photographs
that you were working on when I first met you in 1974. Do
you remember? You were trying to condense over a decade of
shooting on the street into a book of perhaps seventy picturesI
still have the maquette for it, just in case you decide to
publish it somedayand you asked me to come by one afternoon
a week to talk about the images you were considering. To
give me some idea of how a photographic book ought to look,
you would take out the French first edition you had of Robert
Frank's The Americans, which you had looked at so
many times that it had fallen apart, and we would lay out
Frank's pictures in lines on the floor.
The funny part of the story behind that copy of The
Americans is that I knew Frank before I knew the book,
or even that he had done it. In the early sixties I was
an advertising art director working under a man named Harry
Gordon, who sent me one day to supervise a shoot where
Robert Frank was going to take pictures of teenage girls
in an apartment in Stuyvesant Town. They were going to
be doing what teenage girls do when they get togethergossip,
comb their hair, put on makeup, try on some clothing, just
teenage stuff. And Robert worked with these girls, photographing,
just using available light coming through the venetian
blinds, or from a desk lamp.
He worked so fast and with such focus that I couldn't believe
it. He seemed to be sliding and weaving his way through their
lives and around them all the time. Occasionally he would
whisper something to one of them, but mostly he made his
suggestions physically, in the way he moved. He was just
intercepting their movements with the camera. It was a ballet.
I thought that to make photographs, you froze everybody before
the fact, but Robert never froze them except in the camera.
So that was a revelation. I could see the photographs he
was making, whereas in the studios I had visited, I never
could really. He was using his body to make photographs,
and his timing was precise. I remember when one girl putting
on lipstick raised her chin a certain way and pursed her
lips. Robert went for that little out she was making. Suddenly,
the girl had become a woman. A moment later she was just
a little girl again putting crayon on her mouth, but that
split second before she had leapt into womanhood.
CW: Did you talk to Frank at all then?
JM: No, he wasn't someone to be awestruck by because he
wasn't Robert Frank. He was just Robert Frank, the commercial
photographer. Besides, he wasn't so forthcoming. He didn't
have much to say. But watching him was truly inspiring. That's
what did it for me. The combination of recognizing the captured
moment and the physicality of it, of his moving through time.
I was grateful that Harry had sent me down because it changed
my life. Even though I didn't know anything else existed
in photography, I went back and told him I was going to quit
in order to take pictures.
I can't tell you why, except that for months I had been
yearning to get out of the office. I would stand at the window
of the agency's office, which was at 666 Fifth Avenue, and
look down to the streets and wish I was out there. So when
I quit, I went right out on the streets. Harry lent me a
camera. I started to pepper the streets with pictures, though
I had no idea that it was something anybody did. I wasn't
doing it for any reason except it was exciting to me.
But how did you find out about The Americans?
Well, Harry decided a few months later to give up advertising
himself to go live in Spain, and when he was unburdening
himself of a lot of household goods, he gave me that copy
of Frank's book. "I think you'll enjoy this," he said. And
wham, there it was, this huge, deep, dark poem about America
that gave me something to encounter day after day after day.
So that fed me.
There were several years when [you and Garry Winogrand]
went out shooting together, didn't you? How did that come
JM: Garry loved company. He needed to be out on the street,
and he needed company out there with him all the time. It
was irresistible. He was irresistible. He was so full of, "Let's
go! Let's do!" Right from the beginning, he would call in
the morning and say, "Listen, I'll meet you at the greasy
spoon on Ninety-sixth and Amsterdam: we'll have coffee, we'll
go out, we'll shoot." I was up and ready to go. I was off
and running for three intense years-1962 to 1965-with this
guy, this unstoppable bundle of nerves.
When I first knew you, in the midseventies, I would come
along to keep you company when you were shooting sometimes,
and Fifth Avenue always seemed the best to me. You could
just feel the money and sex and ambition out there every
day, surging up and down the street. Did Fifth always seem
such a special hunting ground for you street photographers?
Oh yeah. Because Fifth Avenue was the most exciting, and
it had the most light. I think Madison was too dark, Park
was too wide, Third still had the El in the early sixties,
or they were beginning to tear it down-anyway, Third was
creepy. Sixth Avenue didn't have much on it. We certainly
made some circuits around there, but really Fifth Avenue
had the pulse of lie, the most vigor, the most beautiful
women, the heaviest business action. The mix was best on
Fifth. I mean, you got it all, from high fashion to messengers.
It just was everything. Pushcarts, pretzel vendors, and limousines.
It had the contradictions of life in a big city, and that
kind of counterpoint was the stuff of commentary. That's
what you could mock, that's what you could wait for, because
it was more exciting to see those combinations there.
But the sixties were also the great time for street theater
and protest demonstrations. You were all responding to that
too, weren't you?
Of course. We went to every public demonstration, every "be-in" in
the park, all of the gatherings down in the Forties and Times
Square; whenever there were marches, we all went. We really
went for two reasons. You lent your body to them because
it was right, but also because it was a great place to make
photographs. It was chaotic, and it was huge crowds, and
the media was there. This notion of the media and the power
of the media emerged form those demonstrations.
People would just be milling around when all of a sudden
the CBS truck turned on its lights, and the whole thing shifted.
Everybody moved toward that truck. They were just turning
on their lights to film what was in front of them, but it
put a finger on a action, and it created a mass movement,
and it created the event, because then the police arrived
and the demonstrators arrived, and Bam!, confrontation. Then
the NBC truck turned on its light. The thing moved up the
street. It was like pinball, media pinball.
We all began to see the meaning of the change that represented,
how it differed from what photographers like Cartier-Bresson,
or like us, would do. The television crews didn't try to
come in and not bruise the event. They controlled and directed
the event by focusing their cameras. You know, everybody
wanted to be in the spotlight, they wanted to be on TV. We
began to see that the power was in the hands of the media.
Eventually Garry was going to make a book about public relations,
which was an interest of his that began with going to those
kinds of demonstrations.